On October 25, 2019, popular-science events took place at the Main Astronomical Observatory (MAO) of the NAS of Ukraine. Scientists and veterans of the Observatory made presentations to the guests of the institution. On this day, scientists also planted about 30 trees in MAO, including oaks and larch. You have a photo report from this event.
PHOTOGALLERY "Astroosin-2019". Photos from the FB web-page of NAS of Ukraine. Author: Snizhana Mazurenko
For the second time in its history, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) has organized a competition for the names of the planets and stars around which they revolve ( http://www.nameexoworlds.iau.org/ ). This time, project participants dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the founding of the IAU are invited to give names to systems containing one star and one planet, with each country being allocated its own system. It is important to understand that approved names will not replace traditional scientific designations, but will be recognized by IAU as full names of objects and published with authorship. These names can then be used by anyone, without any restrictions, alongside or instead of scientific notation.
The HAT-P-15 planetary system in the constellation of Perseus is allocated to Ukraine. The star in this system is a yellow dwarf (type G) and is not yet accessible to ground-based telescopes. Exoplanet HAT-P-15b was opened in 2010 and is at a distance of 0.0965 AU. from the star, is a giant gas planet with a mass of 1.94 masses of Jupiter and an orbital period of 10.9 days ( https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/exoplanet-catalog/1229/hat-p-15-b/ ).
Given the wide public resonance of the contest, the worldview of the proposed names for the planetary system that will perpetuate our choice, the National Committee invites all organizations to post this information on its web pages and keep it active until the end of the contest, as well as to disseminate it to all social networks.
Main Astronomical Observatory of NAS of Ukraine was founded July 17, 1944 on the initiative of famous scientist, astronomer and geophysicist O.Ya. Orlov (1880 - 1954). It is located 12 km from the center of Kyiv Holosiiv forest (hence its unofficial name - Holosiivska).
Observatory was headed by Acad. of USSR Academy of Sciences O.Ya.Orlov (1944 - 1948 and 1951 - 1952); Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences V.P. Tsesevych (1948 - 1951), Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences A.A. Yakovkin (1952 - 1959), Academician of UkSSR Academy of Sciences E.P. Fedorov (1959 - 1973), Ph.D. I.K. Koval (1973 - 1975). Since 1975 the Observatory of NAS of Ukraine has been headed by Academician of NAS of Ukraine Yaroslav Stepanovich Yatskiv.
Observatory takes leading place in many areas of astronomy, such as the study of Earth's rotation and construction of coordinate systems in space, physics photosphere of the Sun and solar system formation and evolution of stars and galaxies, and others.
In the MAO the Post-graduate and Specialized Scientific Council for doctoral and master's theses in physics and mathematics works in the fields:
GAO publishes magazines "Physics and Kinematics of Celestial Bodies", "Space science and technology" and the annual "Astronomical Calendar"
Achievements of Observatory scientists more than once winned State awards and medals of the USSR and Ukraine in the field of science and technology, awards of NAS of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, international awards, among them "Dr. Demyaniv Foundation. For peace and freedom of Ukraine" and EU Descartes Prize 2003, the medal named. Yuri Gagarin and the Order "For Merit".
In 2004, MAO was awarded by Certificate of Honor of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine in connection with 60 - anniversary of MAO and the minor planet number 15675 was named "Holosyeyevo" in honor of Holosiivska Observatory.
Observatory has six academic departments: physics of stars and galaxies, astrometry and space geodynamics, space plasma physics, physics of planetary systems, solar physics, physics of minor celestial bodies and laboratories for atmospheric optics, for transient phenomena in stars and for instrumentation as well as Astro/Space Information and Computing Centre (ASICC).
Moon craters were named after O.Ya.Orlov, A.O.Yakovkin, I.V.Gavrilov
Minir planets are name after MAO scientists: №2724 «Orlov», №2728 «Yatskiv», №3965 «Konoplyova», №3966 «Shulnazaria» (in honor of L.M.Shulman and G.K.Nazarchuk), №7628 «Yevgenyfedorov» (in honor of Ye.P.Fedorov), №14346 «Zhylyayev».
The State Prize of Ukraine in the field of science and technology:
1983: Ye.P.Fedorov, Ya.S.Yatskiv, I.V.Gavrilov, D.P.Duma, V.S.Kislyk, A.O.Korsun', A.M.Kurianova for the cycle of work: «Development of the theory and practical construction of coordinate systems for geodynamic, selenodetic and space research»
1986: V.G. Parusimov in the group of authors for the work «Analogous and digital processing of astronomic observations»
1998: D.Ya. Yatskiv in the group of authors for the work «Physical bases, development and creation of highly stable laser systems for metrology, analytical measurements and fundamental research»
2003: Yu.Yu. Balega (SAO RAS), Ye.A. Gurtovenko, M.V. Karpov, R.R. Kondratyuk, R.I. Kostyk, O.V. Morozhenko, O.V. Sergeyev, V.K. Taradiy., E.G. Yanovitsky, Ya.S.Yatskiv for the cycle of researches «Development of the theoretical bases and unique observational framework in Holosiiv and Terskol for studies of the Sun and Solar System Bodies»
The State Prize of the USSR in the field of science and technology:
1986: Ya.S. Yatskiv in the group of authors for the development of the scientific complex of the space mission to Halley's Comet.
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